Turkish is agglutinative. This means that you can add many different suffixes to words in order to create new words. For example, the word “mutlu” means happy. There is a suffix in Turkish (“-luk”) that is used to create abstract nouns, similar to English –ness, -tion, or –ity. We can combine “mutlu” (happy) and “luk” (-ness) to get the word happiness, “mutluluk.”
Turkish contains many Arabic and Persian words. For example, the word for news, “haber,” comes from Arabic. The word for the traditional Turkish art of water marbling, “ebru,” is originally Persian.
Modern terminology in Turkish is often from English and French. France had a powerful influence on Turkey during the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. This can be seen in words like “poşet” (pronounced “po-shet”), which comes from the French word “pochette,” meaning small bag (like the plastic bags available at grocery stores). Some words look very similar to English words. For example, technology in Turkish is “teknoloji.”
While Turkish may seem difficult, it is actually a fairly easy language to learn. There are very few, if any, exceptions to the grammatical rules, unlike English. While grammar and word order are quite different from English, Turkish is very logical, making language learning very interesting and fun.